According Merriam Webster here are definition of misinformation, disinformation, and lie are stated below.
incorrect or misleading information
false information deliberately and often covertly spread (as by the planting of rumors) in order to influence public opinion or obscure the truth
to make an untrue statement with intent to deceive
As a student journalist I have made the mistake of interchanging misinformation and disinformation without realizing that they mean completely different things. Which then has me thinking about politicians, anchor, pun-dents, You tube host, etc and there use of the two words. Are they being calculated or are they just as unaware as I was? Disinformation has malicious intent and misinformation is more like misguided information transmitted through different avenues that weren’t e fact checked.
I just don’t understand why lie and disinformation isn’t under the same umbrella based off of the definition or at least synonyms on one another. There are basically the same thing. The intention is to decisive and lie and portray false information to be made to look like a fact.
It is important to understand the difference between both words clear because not every piece of content on the internet that is false is not necessarily disinformation. In the case of satire or comedy because the content is for comedic purposes with false information it wouldn’t be categorized as a disinformation. Which creates a complicated gray zone because now someone can write off there beliefs in conspiracy and fake news as comedy.
In the case of You Tube where 80% of internet users have accounts. They are strict on how much data is collect of there site. Which creates a big problem for researcher because it makes it difficult to find trends of mis and dis information and how much of it is being spread on other platform like Facebook and Twitter.
So before we label something as dis or mis information we have to first need to understand what the intention behind the content being produced that has false information. It’s the difference between a simple mistake versus and a liar.